Basic Principles On How To Deal With Bullying

April 25, 2015
Author: Abraham Yu

Bullying is a common problem that we have to deal with once in a while. Some of us have had to face off with bullies over a long period of time while for others it may just be an occasional problem. Bullying is defined as the habitual use of aggression to gain power over others. It also entails using coercion, threats, abuse and intimidation. Such behaviour is usually directed towards specific targets. The behaviour can often be explained by differences in race, religion, gender, class, size, strength among others. To deal with bullying, movements have been created and laws made, all in a bid to combat the rising suicide cases among teenagers.

The vice is broadly divided into three types. These include physical, emotional and verbal abuse. Each of these categories may be accompanied by violence, coercion, intimidation, insults or physical violence. There is a disproportionately high number of emotional abuse cases in females compared to their male counterparts. In the males, the predominant type is the physical abuse. Mockery is used almost equally in both sexes. It is frequently used when the victim resembles the opposite sex in their physical appearance or when they have any other physical disability or abnormality.

The vice may be classified as either indirect (social aggression) or direct. The aim of bullies in the indirect form is to make the victim feel lonely. They do this by gossiping about the target, laughing at them, calling them names and even staring at them. Direct bullies openly take advantage of individuals by pushing and pulling, shoving, biting, and pinching among others

One would wonder why bullies take so much pleasure in aggression. Research has shown that most bullies lack self esteem and therefore use physical and emotional abuse for the purpose of concealing their weaknesses. Another reason could be jealousy or resentment. Some bully because they have been victims before or have lived in such an environment.

Some bullies may be obsessed with tormenting others because they suffer from psychiatric conditions. Bullies are usually characterised by high a temper and feeling too good about themselves outwardly though this may not be the case in reality. In addition, bullies report poor performance academically

There are many negative effects associated with this problem including depression and a feeling of loneliness. The victims also have their self-esteem lowered markedly and start to lose interest in life activities. In extremes, it may lead to post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD. The victims become bitter and may themselves become violent in future. If one manages to stand up to a bully, they gain a lot of respect in return.

To cope with bullying, training programs have been set up for guardians, teachers and parents. Such programs may include peer counselling and forming school bullying policies. The state can also be involved in creating laws that restrict people from abusing others.

Targets can be able to deal with bullying by being on the defensive rather than feeling inferior. This can only be possible when one puts on a positive attitude towards the situation. Bullies prefer weak people and can only retreat when they have been confidently challenged.

Read more about Essentials Ways On How To Deal With Bullying.

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